Belgian artist Marcel Broodthaers was interested in the visual versus linguistic and of the way different meanings could be generated through variations of their relationship. His relationship with the Belgian surrealists is evident in his work.
His first one-man exhibition was not until 1964, at Galerie St Laurent, Brussels. During the late 1960s he became increasingly interested in the idea of the "museum" and how it functioned as an institution and space to exhibit art. The result of this institutional critique was the creation of the Museum of Modern Art, Department of Eagles (1968) - a museum without a permanent home or collection; it existed and was exhibited in various sections comprised of reproductions of works of art, wall-texts, and crates.
Broodthaer's work is in, amongst others, the collections of the Palais des Beaux-Arts, Brussels, the Kunsthalle, Dusseldorf, and the Museum of Modern Art, NY.