Gina PANE (1939 - 1990)

A French performance and installation artist, Gina Pane was one of the founders of Art Corporel, the Body Art movement in 1970s France. Her performances were renowned for their engagement with themes of pain and injury. Pane moved into installation art in the 1980s and 1990s after sustaining a critcial injury during an action in 1980.


Pane's most famous performance was The Conditioning (1973), in which she lay upon a metal bedframe suspended over a number of burning candles. The piece was recreated by Marina Abramovic as part of Seven Easy Pieces (2005). Other works include Azione Sentimentale, which consists of graphic and intimate photographic documentation of performances in which Pane carefully and deliberately inflicted injury upon herself, exploring the use of the body as both controlling and submissive.


A 2005 retrospective, Gina Pane: Terre-Artiste-Ciel, at Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris, France and her inclusion in the 2007 exhibition WACK! Art and the Feminist Revolution at MoCA, LA, has cemented her reputation as a leading feminist artist.