Véronique FILOZOF (1904-1977) was a Swiss-French artist and illustrator. After moving to France at a young age, Filozof worked for the Swiss Red Cross during World War II helping Jews and refugees fleeing the Franco regime. In 1948 she began her artistic career with a series of paintings inspired by the poems of Jacques Prévert and Honoré de Balzac. Later, Filozof developed extended series of India ink drawings, for which she is best known. Executed in her signature style, these drawings depict castles, churches and fortresses as faded symbols of authority in a post-war France dominated by existentialism and secular humanism, but also by the events of May ’68 in Paris, as well as the war in Algeria and Vietnam. Supported by artists of the calibre of Jean Dubuffet, Niki de Saint Phalle, and Jean Cocteau, Filozof developed a strong career in Paris, where she exhibited alongside Picasso, Miro, and Max Ernst during her lifetime.
Filozof’s work is held in public collections around the world, including the Kunstmuseum Basel, Basel, Switzerland; Le Musée International d’Art Naïf, Nice, France; and The City College of New York, New York, NY, USA, amongst others.