Born in London, Friedl Kubelka then moved with her family to East Berlin and Vienna where she spent her childhood. She studied photography in Vienna from 1965 to 1969 at the Graphic Instruction and Research Institute where she studied industrial photography. She later founded her own 'School of Artistic Photography' in the city (1990).
Kubelka-Bondy is most well known for her Year's Portraits, a project begun in 1972, in which she photographed herself daily over the period of a year and has repeated the process every year since. Her photographic works accentuates temporality, seriality and the body - whether it be her own, her daughter's, or her husband's body.
She was awarded the State Prize for Photography in 2005, Austria's most prestigious photography award, and has had solo exhibitions at the Centre George Pompidou, Paris (1980), Fotogalerie, Vienna (2004), and the Nederlands Fotomuseum, Rotterdam (2005).